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Understanding Hemorrhoids And Treatment Options

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BY: ARMEN GREGORIAN | September 25, 2023 | Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus. They can cause discomfort, pain, itching, and bleeding, especially during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids can be internal (inside the rectum) or external (under the skin around the anus). Understanding the condition and available treatment options is important for managing hemorrhoids effectively.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

  • Straining During Bowel Movements: This is one of the most common causes. Straining increases pressure in the rectal area, leading to the development of hemorrhoids.
  • Chronic Constipation or Diarrhea: Irregular bowel habits can contribute to the formation of hemorrhoids.
  • Pregnancy: The pressure exerted by the growing uterus can lead to hemorrhoids in pregnant women.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight can place additional pressure on the rectal veins.
  • Aging: The risk of developing hemorrhoids increases with age.

Common Symptoms

  • Rectal Bleeding: Bright red blood during bowel movements is a common symptom of hemorrhoids.
  • Itching and Discomfort: Hemorrhoids can be itchy and cause a general feeling of discomfort.
  • Pain: Hemorrhoids can be painful, particularly during bowel movements or when sitting for extended periods.
  • Protrusion: External hemorrhoids may protrude from the anus.

Treatment Options

  • Lifestyle Modifications
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) Medications
  • Prescription Medications
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures
  • Hemorrhoidectomy
  • Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy (PPH)
  • Hemorrhoid Energy Therapy (HET)

The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the hemorrhoids and the individual’s overall health. It’s important to consult with a Los Angeles hemorrhoids specialist Armen Gregorian, MD for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. While many cases of hemorrhoids can be managed with conservative measures, more severe or persistent cases may require medical procedures or surgery. Early intervention and preventive measures can help reduce the recurrence of hemorrhoids.

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