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Understanding the Different Types of Colorectal Surgeries

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BY: ARMEN GREGORIAN | June 10, 2024 | Colorectal Cancer

When facing colorectal health issues, it’s crucial to consult a specialist who can provide the most effective treatment options. Our colorectal surgeon in Glendale, Dr. Armen Gregorian, MD, can offer a range of surgical procedures tailored to individual needs. Understanding these procedures can help patients make informed decisions about their healthcare.

Types of Colorectal Surgeries

1. Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure that allows the surgeon to examine the inner lining of the colon and rectum using a long, flexible tube with a camera at the end. This procedure is essential for detecting polyps, cancers, and other abnormalities. Dr. Gregorian may also remove polyps or take tissue samples for further analysis during the colonoscopy. This minimally invasive procedure is crucial for early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer.

2. Polypectomy

Polypectomy involves removing polyps found in the colon or rectum. Polyps are growths that can be benign, precancerous, or cancerous. Removing them during a colonoscopy can prevent the development of colorectal cancer. This procedure is typically performed using a snare device or biopsy forceps. It is usually done during a colonoscopy, making it a convenient and effective preventive measure.

3. Colectomy

A colectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part or all of the colon. It is often performed to treat conditions such as colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There are several types of colectomy:

  • Partial Colectomy: This involves the removal of the diseased section of the colon. The remaining healthy parts of the colon are then reconnected.
  • Total Colectomy: This involves the removal of the entire colon. This procedure is typically used for widespread disease affecting the entire colon.
  • Proctocolectomy: This involves the removal of both the colon and rectum. This procedure is often necessary for patients with extensive disease affecting both areas.

4. Hemorrhoidectomy

Hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids, which are swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus. This procedure is typically recommended for severe cases where other treatments have failed to provide relief. Dr. Gregorian will remove the hemorrhoidal tissue to alleviate pain, bleeding, and discomfort. Recovery from a hemorrhoidectomy may involve some pain and discomfort, but it provides long-term relief from severe hemorrhoids.

5. Anal Fistulotomy

An anal fistulotomy is performed to treat an anal fistula, which is an abnormal connection between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus. This condition often results from an infection that has developed into an abscess. The fistulotomy involves cutting open the fistula to allow it to heal properly. This procedure reduces the risk of recurrent infections and promotes proper drainage and healing.

6. Rectopexy

Rectopexy is a surgical procedure used to correct rectal prolapse, a condition where the rectum slips out of its normal position and protrudes through the anus. Dr. Gregorian will reposition and secure the rectum using sutures or mesh during this procedure to prevent further prolapse. This surgery aims to restore normal anatomy and function, alleviating symptoms such as incontinence and discomfort.

7. Anastomosis

Anastomosis is a procedure that connects two sections of the intestine after part of the colon has been removed. This technique is crucial for restoring normal bowel function following a colectomy. Depending on the location and extent of the resection, different types of anastomoses may be performed, such as end-to-end, side-to-side, or end-to-side anastomosis. This procedure ensures continuity of the gastrointestinal tract and is essential for normal digestive function.

Choosing the Right Surgeon

Selecting a skilled and experienced colorectal surgeon is essential for the best outcomes. Dr. Armen Gregorian, MD, a renowned colorectal surgeon in Glendale, is dedicated to providing personalized care and advanced surgical solutions. His expertise ensures that patients receive the highest standard of care for their colorectal health issues.

Dr. Gregorian and his team employ the latest techniques and technologies to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients. From minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures to complex open surgeries, Dr. Gregorian is committed to delivering top-quality care with compassion and precision.

If you or a loved one requires colorectal surgery, understanding the different types of procedures can help alleviate concerns and prepare you for the journey ahead. For more information or to schedule a consultation, please call us at (818) 847-7067. Dr. Gregorian and his team are here to support you every step of the way.

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